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Medical Help .

Discussion in 'Protest Advice' started by rawbutt1, Jun 15, 2009.

  1. rawbutt1 Member

    http://medic.wikia.com/wiki/Pepper_spray_and_tear_gas

    During: How to deal

    * STAY CALM. Panicking increases the irritation. Breathe slowly and remember it is only temporary.
    * If you see it coming or get a warning (e.g. police are putting gasmasks on), put on protective gear. If able, try to move away or get upwind.
    * Blow your nose, rinse your mouth, cough and spit. Try not to swallow.
    * If you wear contacts, you must remove the lenses or get someone to remove them for you, with CLEAN, uncontaminated fingers. Destroy the lenses after exposure, they are not cleanable.
    * DO NOT RUB IT IN.

    Remedies

    We have been doing trials with pepper spray to find good remedies. There are some definite things that you can do after being sprayed to help minimize the discomfort. None of these are miracle cures: using these remedies will help people to feel better faster, but it will still take time.

    Remedy for the eyes, nose, and mouth: L.A.W. (liquid antacid and water)

    Remedy for the skin: For pepper spray on the skin


    Secondary treatments

    Secondary treatments can include: walking around with your arms outstretched, removing contaminated clothing, and taking a cool shower.

    In fact, it is essential to shower and wash or discard your clothes as soon as you are able. It is toxic, and will continually contaminate you and everyone around you until you get rid of it. Until then, try not to touch your eyes or your face, or other people, furniture, carpets etc. to avoid further contamination. Shower using the coldest water you can stand (to keep your pores from opening). Wash your clothes using strong detergents.
  2. rawbutt1 Member

    How to treat wounds

    http://medic.wikia.com/wiki/Injury_aftercare#Wound

    Wound

    * Stop bleeding by direct pressure or elevating injured area.
    * Clean the wound well with water.
    * Cover with a dry sterile gauze pad or clean cloth.
    * Do not remove an impaled object; stabilize it in place and seek medical care.
    * For nosebleeds, pinch nose until bleeding stops.
    * For eye injuries, cover eye and seek care.

    Aftercare

    * Keep the wound clean. Wash the area gently with soap and water without scrubbing as the wound heals.
    * The wound area should otherwise be kept dry.
    * Change the dressing at least daily or whenever it becomes wet or dirty.
    * If you're allergic to the adhesive used in most bandages, switch to adhesive-free dressings or sterile gauze and paper tape. These supplies are generally available at pharmacies.
    * For painless tape or Band-aid removal, you may soak the adhesive tape in nail-polish remover (applied on the outside) for a few minutes. This will dissolve the adhesive and release both the skin and hair.
    * Try not to pick at the protective scab.

    A tetanus booster shot is recommended if you have not had one in the last 10 years
  3. rawbutt1 Member

  4. bump thread up.
  5. kldickson Member

    Can you merge this thread with my first aid thread?
  6. kldickson Member

    Capsaicin is fat-soluble. If you have milk on hand, use it.
  7. Capsaicin = Pepper spray

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsaicin

    Capsaicin is also the active ingredient in riot control and personal defense pepper spray chemical agents. When the spray comes in contact with skin, especially eyes or mucous membranes, it is very painful, and breathing small particles of it as it disperses can cause breathing difficulty, which serves to discourage assailants. Refer to the Scoville scale for a comparison of pepper spray to other sources of capsaicin.

    Treatment after exposure
    The primary treatment is removal from exposure. Contaminated clothing should be removed and placed in airtight bags to prevent secondary exposure. Capsaicin could be washed off the skin using soap, shampoo, or other detergents, or rubbed off with oily compounds such as vegetable oil, paraffin oil, petroleum jelly (Vaseline), creams, or polyethylene glycol. Plain water, as well as home remedies such as vinegar, bleach, sodium metabisulfite, or topical antacid suspensions are ineffective in removing capsaicin.

    Burning and pain symptoms can be effectively relieved by cooling, e.g., from ice, cold water, cold bottles, cold surfaces, or a flow of air from wind or a fan. In severe cases, eye burn might be treated symptomatically with topical ophthalmic anesthetics; mucous membrane burn with lidocaine gel. Capsaicin-induced asthma might be treated with nebulized bronchodilators or oral antihistamines or corticosteroids.[24]

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