[SIZE="2"]Current Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad[/SIZE] Ahmadinejad is considered by most to be either somewhat unpopular among Iranians or extremely unpopular among them. Ahmadinejad is the incumbent president of the Islamic Republic of Iran and is the former mayor of Tehran city, one of Iran's largest cities. Ahmadinejad is simply too tl;dr to list the criticisms against him check out his wikipedia article for more information. [SIZE="2"]Mir Hossein Mousavi [/SIZE] Mousavi is a professional artist and leave-over from the 1979 revolution in Iran. Mousavi favors open-market economy in Iran as well as a torrent of controversial policies such as aiding single mothers, reforms on policies towards homosexuality and in terms of Iranian theocracy he is the closest thing to a Westerner Iran has ever had running for election since the last Shah. [SIZE="2"]Grand Ayatollah and Supreme Leader Ali Hoseyni Khāmenei[/SIZE] Khamenei is a leave-over from the 1979 revolution in Iran. Many speeches and views he holds are considered out of touch with the current world. Khamenei is considered very stubborn by his peers and wishes to hold onto a theocratic style of governing in Iran. Former Iranian President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Is considered a "right-wing" thinker among his peers; favors open-market economy and a more democratic style of rule. Rafsanjani is the first and only Iranian president to step down after his first term. Rafsanjani recently wrote an open-letter to all Iranians to urge them to contest the election of president Achmadinijad. [SIZE="2"]The Basij[/SIZE] You will hear the name "Basij" often it is generally referring to anyone suspected of being connected with the Iranian para-military order the "Basij" or Mostaz'afin. They are a mobile slightly tactile fighting force of up to 800,00 young men and some middle aged men who are either too young for service in Iran's military, too old for service in Iran's military or those who have completed their service in the military. The Basij are a decentralized paramilitary organization which operates independent of the Iranian military and indeed more often than not, the government itself. Historically, the Basij were important in fighting the war against Iraq from 1980-1989 with many non-military casualties being Basij forces. Today, the Basij is a disordered de-centralized group of youths and men who have devolved into a spy ring for the Iranian government and are sometimes considered to be government thugs. When reading reports of brutality in Iran, it is important to note that more often than not these acts are committed by the Basij soley because of their independence from the military chain of command their willingness to defend their "government" with fanatical devotion. It is important to know that while the Basij operates independently of the military structure, they ARE a portion of the Revolutionary Guard however they are not controlled by them per-say. [SIZE="2"]Guardians of the Islamic Revolution "Revolutionary Guard"[/SIZE] The Iranian Revolutionary Guard or "IRG" for short is a force which is estimated by the CIA to be at around 12,000 persons at any one time. The IRGC is comparable to perhaps the F.B.I in America. Their role is mainly the protection of internal security to Iran and that of border enforcement with Iran's neighbors.